While the Dakota Access Pipeline continues to generate headlines, a natural gas pipeline under consideration along the eastern seaboard is also coming under scrutiny, in part for its disproportionate impact on Native communities in North Carolina.
First proposed in 2014, the Atlantic Coast Pipeline would carry natural gas fracked from Marcellus Shale in central West Virginia to end points in Virginia and the southern border of North Carolina. The project is supported by those who believe it will aid struggling rural economies, but environmental organizations and some landowners argue that it will pose a threat to residents and the region’s ecosystem.
In addition, opponents note that the pipeline, which crosses the territories of four tribes, will disproportionately affect Native American communities in North Carolina.
Ryan Emanuel, an associate professor in the Department of Forestry and Environmental Resources at North Carolina State University, writing in the July 21 edition of Science, argued that the “nearly 30,000 Native Americans who live within 1.6 km of the proposed pipeline make up 13.2% of the impacted population in North Carolina,” even though they make up 1.2 % of the state’s population.
Emanuel argued that a draft environmental impact statement released last December by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission failed to acknowledge the large Native population along the proposed 600-mile route, “leading to false conclusions about the project’s impacts.” He urged federal regulators to consult with tribes before making a final decision, which is expected later this year.
The Wildlife Society is encouraging Native American, First Nation, Native Hawaiian, and/or Alaskan Native students to apply to its Native Student Professional Development (NSPD) program. The program deadline has been extended to July 7.
Successful applicants will receive support for travel to the Wildlife Society’s annual conference, which it calls “the largest gathering of wildlife professionals in North America.” Additionally, program participants will receive a one-year membership in The Wildlife Society and become members of the Native People’s Wildlife Management Working Group.
According to the program announcement, “Candidates must be members of a Native American, First Nations, or Indigenous Tribe, or identify as Native Alaskan or Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander, and currently enrolled in an undergraduate or graduate program in a relevant academic discipline such as wildlife biology or ecology.”
Additional information and complete application requirements can be found in the Wildlife Society’s program announcement.
Remedial education is the great conundrum of higher education. Lot of students need it—but the time and effort required is both daunting and discouraging. Eager to earn a degree, students placed in remedial math and reading courses instead find themselves on the proverbial slow boat to China.
According David Kirp, a professor of public policy at the University of California, Berkeley, a number of colleges and university systems, including the City University of New York, are experimenting with a new approach to remediation that accelerates learning without sacrificing rigor.
Writing in the New York Times, Kirp said the CUNY program places full-time students in need of remediation in a semester-long program that focuses exclusively on skill building. Significantly, students in the CUNY Start program are provided 25 hours of instruction each week, which, he noted, is “substantially more than the usual course load.”
“The strategy is working,” Kirp argued. “More than half the students who complete the program are ready for college in just one semester, something that’s almost impossible with regular remedial courses.” Indeed, nationwide, only one-third of students placed in remedial math courses complete their studies with a passing grade.
For more about the CUNY Start program, see:
An evaluation of similar “ASAP” remediation programs by the Manpower Demonstration Research Corporation can be found here:
by Katie Scarlett Brandt
Dr. Nader Vadiee, Engineering faculty, Southwestern Indian Polytechnic Institute
Engineering Professor Nader Vadiee spends his days trying to fix a leaky pipeline. However, this pipeline isn’t leaking water or oil. It’s losing students.
“Imagine a very leaky pipeline from the community to academia, then to industry and back to the community,” said Vadiee, who heads the Engineering Department at Southwestern Indian Polytechnic Institute in New Mexico. “My students are single moms or dads, the average age 28 or 29. My mission is to get these professionals back to the community to create jobs.”
Building this pipeline requires funding, a significant portion of which comes from federal sources. For this reason, the election of Donald Trump has many in the tribal college community on edge. That’s because, so far, President Trump’s top priorities include:
What’s less clear: where research and STEM education fit into these goals.
“With the Trump administration and all the scary things we’re looking at with the budget, it’s hard to predict how things are going to pan out,” said Al Kuslikis, senior associate for Strategic Initiatives at the American Indian Higher Education Consortium (AIHEC) in Washington DC. “We’re optimistic because of the history of support from both parties, but we understand that there have to be accommodations made in the priorities of this new administration.”
The Linguistic Society of America is hosting a webinar for linguistics scholars focused on applying for the National Science Foundation’s Graduate Research Fellowships.
The webinar will take place on Wednesday, May 10 from 2:30 to 4:30 PM US EDT.
Register for the webinar here. Participation is limited to 100 attendees, but the webinar will be archived for later viewing.
According to the LSA’s announcement, “students early in their research training – undergraduates, post bacs, first or second year graduate students, those whose graduate training was interrupted, and faculty advisors – are encouraged to attend, especially those from tribal colleges (TCUs), historically black colleges and universities (HBCUs), and other minority serving institutions.”
Former Salish Kootenai College student Matthew Weingart receives prestigious NSF Graduate Research Fellowship for work in paleoecology
By Ryan Winn
Matt Weingart in the lab.
The Flathead Indian Reservation of western Montana has been occupied by Native peoples for millennia. Over the years, its wooden mountains and fertile valleys have both shaped and been shaped by this human presence.
For Matthew Weingart, a member of the Klamath Tribe, this relationship between people and the land represents a research opportunity. Fascinated by the impact of climate, fire, and humans on landscapes over time, Weingart is digging into the soil of the reservation’s Camas Prairie where, he said, “there’s a rich cultural history and human presence” dating back at least 13,000 years.
“It is in a type of forest that is typically not well understood,” he said. “Learning more about these systems can provide useful knowledge to forest and land managers, especially in times of changing environmental conditions.”
Now pursing a master’s degree in environmental science from Montana State University, Weingart’s work in the field of paleoecology has earned him a National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship Program (GRFP) award. The prestigious award is the oldest graduate fellowship of its kind and, according to the NSF, “has a long history of selecting recipients who achieve high levels of success in their future academic and professional careers.” Previous recipients include “numerous Nobel Prize winners, U.S. Secretary of Energy Steven Chu, Google founder Sergey Brin, and Freakonomics co-author Steven Levitt.”
The National Science Foundation is soliciting input on Future Needs for Advanced Cyberinfrastructure to Support Science and Engineering.
Responses to this Request for Information will, according to the NSF announcement, “directly inform the shaping of NSF’s investment plans for research cyberinfrastructure – advanced computing; data, software, and networking infrastructure; cybersecurity, and associated workforce development – to revolutionize the frontiers of all science and engineering domains over the next decade and beyond.”
The response deadline is April 5, 2017, 5:00 PM ET. The Dear Colleague Letter provides full background and the a link to the required submission website: https://www.nsfci2030.org.
Since the November presidential election, the science community has anxiously worried about the fate of programs and agencies that support and conduct research in the sciences. President Trump’s proposed budget, released this week, offers little reassurance and is already generating a flurry of news stories and commentary.
According to a March 16 New York Times story, the proposed budget “took direct aim at basic scientific and medical research.” While this was anticipated, the story noted that “the extent of the cuts in the proposed budget unveiled early Thursday shocked scientists, researchers and program administrators.” It stated:
“The reductions include $5.8 billion, or 18 percent, from the National Institutes of Health, which fund thousands of researchers working on cancer and other diseases, and $900 million, or a little less than 20 percent, from the Department of Energy’s Office of Science, which funds the national laboratories, considered among the crown jewels of basic research in the world.”
The story noted that the budget reflects an effort to zero-out funding for all climate change research, including within the EPA.
The budget must be passed by Congress and will, as is always the case, undergo significant changes. Indeed, some proposed cuts are already being deemed “non-starters” by several Republican leaders in Congress, particularly cuts to medical research.
Not all agencies are affected equally. Several websites and science advocacy organizations noted that the National Science Foundation was not mentioned in the White House’s budget. “Given the cuts seen for many other federal science agencies…some have seen the omission in the budget outline released today as a blessing,” observed the SAGE-sponsored website, Social Science Space.